• Wide range of applications
  • Toughness
  • Abrasion resistance
  • Shiny surface
  • Good machinability
  • Relatively low cost

About ABS

ABS, which is short for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene, is an opaque polymer with a wide range of properties such as strong resistance to physical impact and corrosive chemicals. Among the common uses for ABS are power tool housings, packing crates, cases, tools and household components. This plastic is used for 3D printing (mainly FDM), CNC milling, lathing and injection molding.

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Property Value
Usage temperature−20 and 80 °C (−4 and 176 °F) *
Density1.060 – 1.080 g·cm³
Flammability1.0 **
Flexural strength75 MPa
Tensile Strength40 MPa
Impact strength1.63 - 4.36 J/cm ***
Shrink Rate0.5-0.7% (.005-.007 in/in)

* mechanical properties vary with temperature, ** 0 (non-flammable)... 4 (extremely inflammable), *** Source: Idemat 2003


ABS is a copolymer that has a lot of properties as a result of oil refinement that includes being relatively light weight, abrasion resistance, easy formability and more. It's useful for industrial applications, for instance, manufacturing wheel covers and airconditioning parts. Thanks to plastic metallization, ABS can become a high-demand material in the nearest future. A 3D printed part made from ABS will be less durable than that made using injection molding. Some types of ABS can degrade under direct sunlight which actually was the cause for the failure of automobile seat belts in the late 1980s and early 1990s.

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Common uses

  • Food handling
  • Tools and equipment
  • Oil & gas transportation
  • Aircraft-aerospace-defense
  • Material handling and conveying


  • Good appearance
  • Moderate resistance to acids and bases
  • Easily post-processed and glued using acetone
  • Combination of strength, rigidity and toughness
  • Impact resistance does not fall off rapidly at lower temperatures


  • Shouldn't be used under direct sunlight and near open flame
  • Some ABS components can produce toxic fumes after heating


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